On 05 April, 2013, the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies held a graduation ceremony for 70 participants from 40 countries who took part in the Program on Terrorism Security Studies (PTSS 13-4).
The five-week course is designed for military officers, government officials and police administrators currently working in mid- and upper-level management positions of counterterrorism organizations throughout the world. PTSS focuses on how a state can effectively combat terrorism but still adhere to the fundamental values of a democratic society. It helps participants appreciate the nature and magnitude of today's threat, develop a common understanding of the definition of terrorism and establish contacts within the counterterrorism community. By developing common grounds of knowledge, understanding and contacts among participants-an "intellectual interoperability"-PTSS improves national security officials' ability to cooperate internationally to counter the aspects of terrorism that transcend national borders.